The technical term for elevated arterial pressure is hypertension. It means that the value of the blood pressure is higher than it should be. This may have adverse effects your organs, especially the cardiovascular system. Hypertensive may cause heart failure and variety of heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias). Therefore, in order to prevent arrhythmia it is very important to maintain normal and regulated blood pressure.
Blood Pressure Chart
See this link for information on blood pressure and normal values of blood pressure, including blood pressure chart. Blood pressure chart displays all possible values of blood pressure. It is useful when determining whether a measured value is indeed a high blood pressure.
Arrhythmia affects each heart beat which is different from the normal (sinus) rhythm with a frequency of 60 to 99 beats per minute. Heart rhythm with a frequency of 100 beats per minute or more is called tachycardia. Bradycardia is a heart rhythm with a frequency of less than 60 beats per minute.
Tips for Measuring Blood Pressure
-Before using the new meter, take it to your doctor’s office so that you compare the accuracy of the meter with the blood pressure meter at the clinic. Ask medical staff to help you learn how to properly use the meter.
-It is best to measure blood pressure in the morning (30 minutes after you woke up) before you take any medicine and before you eat breakfast. Do the second measurements in the evening. Half an hour before the measurement, do not drink coffee or alcohol and do not smoke. It is well known that blood pressure changes throughout the day. In the morning blood pressure will be a little higher.
-Measure blood pressure every day at about the same time.
-Always perform measurement on the same arm. When fixing the cuff on your arm, your arm should be relaxed and leaning on the table. Cuff must be directly on the skin and not over your clothes. When cuff is applied, there must be some space underneath – at least for one finger.
-Do not talk during measurement of blood pressure. If you want to be sure, you can check the accuracy of your measurement by checking your blood pressure again after two minutes. If the measurements are very different (more than 2 mmGh of a difference), a third measurement is required.
-It is important that you accurately record the time and date of measurement. Write down your systolic and diastolic blood pressure and your heart rate.
The risk of cardiovascular disease increases with increased blood pressure. Ideal systolic blood pressure is 120 mmHg, ideal diastolic blood pressure is 80 mm Hg. The normal blood pressure means that systolic blood pressure is in the range of 120 to 129 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure is in the range of 80-84 mm Hg. For more information refer to the blood pressure chart mentioned above.